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How to Prevent Indoor Cats from Escaping

While some cats are content surveying the great outdoors from the safety of a cozy window perch, others are determined to experience it firsthand. Unfortunately, this means a lot of frustration and worry for any cat owner with an escape-artist kitty.

This article covers some tips & tricks for when your indoor cat keeps trying to escape, including: 

  • Why cats try to escape
  • Preventative measures
  • Safety precautions
cat

Why Indoor Cats Try to Escape

Have you ever wondered,” why does my cat want to go outside?” Don’t worry. It’s completely natural that your indoor cat wants to go outside. However, the outdoors poses a number of risks for cats, including busy streets and wild animals. Here are some reasons why a cat might try to escape:

Searching for prey:

Cats are natural hunters, so it’s not unusual for them to look outside for something to chase. If you have a cat in search of prey, escape attempts could become a common occurrence.

Assessing their environment:

Similar to their natural tendency to hunt, cats also like to assess their surrounding environment for mates or potential dangers. If your cat is not fixed, this tendency may be amplified, so we recommend spaying or neutering your cat.

Curiosity:

Plain-old curiosity is reason enough for a cat to try and explore what lies outside of the front door. Naturally, cats will want to know where you’re off to when they see you step outside, increasing the chance that they’ll follow suit.

multi-colored cat looking out of cat door

How to Prevent Cats from Escaping

Understanding the reasons why your cat wants to escape is the first step towards learning how to keep a cat indoors. Below, we’ll discuss a few preventative measures that explain how to stop a cat from going outside.

Create Barriers:

If possible, try to block access to your cat’s preferred escape route. A tall baby gate is a good option. While most cats will be able to jump over it, the gate will buy you some time to get through the front door before your cat can slip out behind you.

If your cat is escaping constantly, getting them spayed or neutered might be necessary. When a young cat suddenly wants to go outside, it could be because they are searching for a mate (this is particularly true for male cats). Once you rule this out, it’s time to start behavior training:

  • Clap your hands when you see your cat clawing at the door to get out, making the doorway seem as unappealing as possible. Be sure to stop as soon as you see your cat walking away from the door and reward them with a treat.
  • To keep your cat away from the door, try Motion-Activated Pet Deterrents—orange or lemon sprays work well, as most cats do not like the smell of citrus.
  • Place some aluminum foil along the doorway area. Many cats find the feeling of walking on it unpleasant and will steer clear.

Distraction:

If you struggle with your cat slipping out behind you as you leave for the day, finding something to distract them is a great idea. Here are a few suggestions:

  • When you leave your house, try guiding your cat away from the door with a laser pointer, or throwing a toy into another room to occupy them.
  • Make staying inside more appealing with lots of treats, toys, and comfy hideaways in rooms far away from any exit points.
  • Hang bird feeders next to a window perch so your cat can enjoy the excitement of the outdoors from the safety of your home. 
grey cat eating a cold treat

Try a New Feeding Schedule:

Strategically adjusting your cat’s feeding schedule combines behavior training and distraction. Try feeding your cat as soon as you leave in the morning and right when you get home for the day. This distracts them as you step out the door and gives them an incentive to stick around for dinner when you get back home.

Allow Limited Outdoor Time:

If you’re comfortable with your cat having some outdoor time, letting them out for a few hours a day is a good way to reduce escape attempts.

  • Try a harness and leash to safely take your cat outside. Make sure to take them out through one designated door that they can associate with outdoor time (to prevent them from dashing out every door they see).
  • Any DIY-enthusiasts out there? Consider building a catio! A catio is a safe outdoor enclosure for cats that you can fill with cat trees and toys. For catios built outside of a window, check out our full list of cat doors for windows.
  • If your home already has an outdoor screen enclosure, that can be a great place to let your cat explore. Check out our cat doors for sliding doors and cat doors for screens to give your cat their own door through which to access the screen enclosure.
grey cat using cat door for screens

Install a Cat Door

If you find that your cat escapes, but always comes back home a few hours later, it might be worth considering an indoor-outdoor lifestyle for them. Installing a cat door is a great way to allow your cat outdoor access at designated times. Here are some of our recommendations:

SureFlap Microchip Cat Door:

sureflap

The SureFlap Microchip Cat Door is an electronic cat door that unlocks when it senses your cat’s vet-implanted microchip (or RFID collar key). This door keeps unwanted critters out of your home while giving your cat outdoor access. When you want to keep your cat inside, you can set the 4-way lock to the “fully-locked” position.

CatMate Elite 305 Super Selective Cat Door:

cat mate elite super selective cat door

 

The CatMate Elite Super Selective Cat Door is perfect for cat owners who want to control access to the door. It features timer control for up to nine cats for customizable entry and exit—perfect for keeping one cat in while letting another out. The LCD screen displays the location of up to three cats and the time that they entered or exited the house.

Read about the differences between the SureFlap Microchip Pet Door and the Cat Mate 305 “Elite” Cat Door to decide which would better suit you. See our full selection of electronic cat doors for more options like the SureFlap Microchip Pet Door and the Cat Mate Elite Super Selective Door.

For more cat door recommendations—manual & electronic—take a look at the Best Cat Doors.

Teaching cats to use a cat door isn’t always easy! Once you’ve found the perfect cat door for your home, see how to train your cat to use a cat door.

multi-colored cat coming out of endura thermo sash cat flap

Safety Precautions

In the event that your cat escapes, it’s important to be prepared with a few safety measures:

  • Make sure your cat has a collar with their name and address. It’s also a good idea to get your cat microchipped just in case they lose their collar.
  • Ensure they stay up to date with vaccinations and regular vet checkups.
  • If you choose to let your cat outdoors, take a look at some springtime safety tips for outdoor pets.

We hope these tips helped explain how to keep your cat from escaping and how to safely allow them some outdoor time with a cat door. Show your feline friend some extra love today! See Six Ways to a Cat’s Heart.

Elizabeth Muenzen

Written by

Elizabeth Muenzen

Content Specialist
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Pets: My dog Benji is mixed Yorkie, Poodle, Chihuahua, and MaltiPom (YorkiPooChiMaltiPom?), yet he mysteriously bears no resemblance to any of these breeds.
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